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The map of the different types of skin



There are many kinds of skin, but they can be broadly categorised as normal, dry, oily and sensitive skin. Uncover your skin’s secrets and find out more.

  • Normal skin

    Normal skin is the type of skin that we all want. Smooth, firm, elastic and glowing with health. Normal skin is free from lesions and disease, well-moisturised and balanced. Most importantly, normal skin is in optimum condition to carry out its main function as an all-over protective barrier.

  • Sensitive skin

    Sensitive skin reacts strongly to factors and allergens that do not affect normal skin. This is because the outer layer – the stratum corneum – tends to have a weakened barrier function, so it can be damaged more easily.
     
    Not all sensitive skin is alike, however, and different people are affected by different things. Some people’s skin may be sensitive to contact with certain products, causing rashes or eczema. Others are affected by weather, diet, pollution, cosmetics or even stress.

  • Dry skin

    Dry skin lacks moisture, leaving it looking dull and lifeless, and more prone to wrinkles, skin conditions and allergic reactions.
     
    The surface of your skin normally holds around 20% of our bodies water. Skin components including lipids and proteins form a special ‘bricks & mortar’ structure to retain this water. If they are damaged, your skin rapidly becomes dehydrated.
     
    A weakened skin barrier interferes with the skin’s ability to keep moisture locked in. So dry skin lets moisture evaporate, leaving it even drier and more in need of extra care.

  • Oily skin

    Oily skin occurs when the sebaceous glands produce too much sebum, or oil, which can make it look shiny or even greasy. Excess sebum can also block pores and lead to pimples. Areas most affected are the face, neck, chest and back.
     
    Many people have oily skin during puberty, but some people’s skin is oily all their life, because of predisposing genes or hormones. If your parents had oily skin, you may have it, too. And any hormonal changes – due to menstruation, pregnancy, emotional situations, the transition into menopause – can also cause skin to become oily.

Test

your knowledge

How skin savvy are you? Put your knowledge to the test with this simple quiz. Are the following statements true or false?

  • 1

    Drinking 1.5 litres of water a day is enough to keep your skin well moisturised.